How did James Armistead make a difference?
James Armistead provided critical intel to the Continental Army as a double agent during the Revolutionary War. In the autumn of 1781, the American colonial army fought in the Battle of Yorktown, the final and arguably most consequential battle for American independence from British rule.
What was James Armistead Lafayette known for?
James Armistead [Lafayette] was an African American spy during the American Revolution. While working for Lafayette he successfully infiltrated British General Charles Cornwallis’s headquarters posing as a runaway slave hired by the British to spy on the Americans.
Who was James Armistead loyal to?
Armistead quickly gained the loyalty of Arnold and British general Charles Cornwallis for his extensive knowledge of Virginia’s back roads. Cornwallis consequently appointed Armistead to serve at the British officers’ table, an invaluable place to garner intel for the colonial army.
What makes James Armistead hero?
James Armistead is my Hero because he helped in the Revolutionary War. James Armistead was the first African American spy. He helped win an important battle at Yorktown in the Revolutionary War.
What was James Armistead famous quote?
“It is not for their own land they fought, not even for a land which had adopted them, but for a land which had enslaved them, and whose laws, even in freedom, oftener oppressed than protected.
What did James Lafayette do after the war?
Though Americans celebrated freedom throughout the United States at the end of the war, James Armistead returned to life as a slave. His status as a spy meant that he did not benefit from the Act of 1783, which emancipated any slave-soldiers that fought for the Revolution.
What did James Armistead do before the American Revolution?
In 1781, after getting his enslaver’s consent, Armistead volunteered to join the army under Lafayette. Lafayette utilized Armistead as a spy, with the latter posing as a runaway slave. Armistead joined the camp of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, the turncoat who was leading some British forces in the area.
What did Crispus Attucks do?
In 1770, Crispus Attucks, a black man, became the first casualty of the American Revolution when he was shot and killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre. At other times he worked as a ropemaker in Boston. Attucks’ occupation made him particularly vulnerable to the presence of the British.