How do you calculate the drag coefficient of a parachute?

How do you calculate the drag coefficient of a parachute?

The drag equation states that the drag (D) is equal to some drag coefficient (Cd) times half of the air density (r) times the square of the velocity (V) times the reference area (A).

What is the descent rate of a parachute?

Depending upon air density and the jumper’s total weight, the parachute’s average rate of descent is from 22 to 24 feet per second (6.7 to 7.3 m/s); total suspended weight limitation is 360 pounds (160 kg).

How do you find the surface area of a parachute?

The time is approximately proportional to the inverse of the terminal velocity, so it’s approximately proportional to Area/Mtotal = A/(Mp +Mw), where A is the area, Mp is the parachute mass and Mw is the other mass. Once Mp is much bigger than Mw.

How big should my parachute be?

RECOMMENDED PARACHUTE SIZES Rockets 12″ and shorter – use streamer recovery or an 8″ chute. Rockets 12″ to 18″ tall – use a 12″ chute. Rockets 18″ to 24″ tall – use a 12″ or 18″ chute. Rockets 24″ and taller – use a 18″ or 24″ chute.

What is the best shape for a parachute?

The circle parachute should demonstrate the slowest average descent rate because its natural symmetrical shape would be the most efficient design to maximize wind resistance and create drag.

How long does it take to descend with a parachute?

A typical skydive lasts five to six minutes, with approximately 50 seconds of that spent in freefall and four to five minutes on the parachute ride down.

Does the size of a parachute affect its drop rate?

The size of the parachute affects the speed of falling because a larger parachute allows it to displace more air, causing it to fall more slowly. However, as the parachute gets larger, it is able to push against–or displace–more air, which will slow down a falling object.

Which parachute has a slower descent?

The circle parachute had the slowest overall average descent rate of 134.88 centimeters per second, followed by the parallelogram parachute with an overall average descent rate of 141.72 centimeters per second.

What is terminal velocity of a parachute?

By definition, terminal velocity is a constant speed which is reached when the falling object is met with enough resistance to prevent further acceleration. Terminal velocity is, then, the fastest speed you will reach on your skydive; this is usually around 120 mph.

How do you find velocity after 3 seconds?

After 3 seconds, the velocity is 4.5+3×1.5=9 m/s.

How big does a parachute need to be for an egg?

Take the plastic garbage bag and cut a small, medium and large size square. The recommended sizes are: 10” x 10”, 20” x 20”, and 30” x 30” but allow kids to experiment with the sizes! For each parachute cut four equal lengths of string (you will need 12 total).

How do you calculate the drag of a parachute?

Here is the equation for calculating the drag of a parachute: D = 1/2 * p * V^2 * S * Cd Where: D=Drag; Cd=Coefficient of Drag (approx. .8 to 1.0); p(or rho)=Air Density; V= Velocity, S = surface area of parachute Alternatively you can determine the proper parachute sizing by using this formula: D = 1/2 * p * V^2 * Cd

How does vent ratio affect drag coefficient?

As the vent ratio of the parachute is increased from zero to 5 percent of the parachute inlet diameter, the drag coefficient increased and for further increase of the vent ratio diameter, the drag coefficient decreased, but the general variation of drag coefficient was the same as of same parachute with no vent. …

What is coefficient of drag in fluid mechanics?

In fluid dynamics, the coefficient of drag is a dimensionless quantity that is used to quantify the drag or resistance of an object in a fluid environment, such as air or water. It is used in the drag equation in which a lower drag coefficient indicates the object will have less aerodynamic or hydrodynamic drag.

How fast does a 13-1/2 inch parachute fall?

A 13-1/2 inch diameter parachute would read 1 pound at 30 feet per second (20 miles per hour). That means that if you put a 1 pound object on a 13-1/2 inch diameter parachute, it would fall with a descent rate of 30 feet per second.

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