How do you treat exudative retinal detachment?
Surgical Care Conditions with vascular anomalies, such as Coats disease, should be treated with laser or cryotherapy to obliterate the vascular abnormalities. If an exudative retinal detachment is present, surgical techniques such as drainage with or without vitrectomy have been recommended.
What is the treatment of hypertensive retinopathy?
Treating hypertensive retinopathy typically involves controlling high blood pressure through lifestyle changes, medication and careful monitoring. Through this, the condition can be halted, and the damage may slowly heal.
How does hypertension cause retinal detachment?
When blood pressure increases, fluid is forced from capillaries behind the retina, causing blisters to form on the surface of the retina. As the capillaries become weakened, detachment may occur.
What causes exudative retinal detachment?
The most common causes of exudative retinal detachment are leaking blood vessels or swelling in the back of the eye. There are several things that can cause leaking blood vessels or swelling in your eye: Injury or trauma to your eye. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
What are two common treatments for retinal detachment?
Retinal Detachment Treatment
- Laser (thermal) or freezing (cryopexy). Both methods can repair a tear if it’s diagnosed early enough.
- Pneumatic retinopexy. This works well for a tear that’s small and easy to close.
- Scleral buckle.
Can exudative macular degeneration be cured?
Wet AMD has no cure, but prompt treatment can slow its progression and help relieve symptoms.
What medication is used for ocular hypertension?
Within this class, the alpha2 selective agonist brimonidine is the most commonly used for the treatment of ocular hypertension. Apraclonidine is another alpha2-selective agonist, but it is believed to have more of an allergic potential, so it rarely is used as a long-term medication.
What medications cause ocular hypertension?
Those drugs are parasympatholytics; steroids; anticholinergics, adrenergics, and antidepressants; cholinomimetics; antineoplastic agents; antipsychotic and antiparkinsonism agents; H1 and H2 receptor blockers; botulinum toxin, cardiac agents, and anticoagulants; silicone oil; sulfa drugs; and anesthetic agents.
What is exudative retinopathy?
(FEVR) is a hereditary condition where the retinal blood vessels do not develop normally. As a result, scar tissue may develop which—as it contracts—can detach the retina and result in visual loss.
What are the causes of an exudative retinal detachment?
The causes of an exudative retinal detachment include uveitis (VKH, sympathetic ophthalmia, pars planitis, posterior scleritis), tumors (especially retinal capillary hemangioma/von Hippel-Lindau disease, choroidal hemangioma, choroidal malignant melanoma), and hypertension. Other causes are glomerulonephritis,…
Is exudative retinal detachment a contraindication to treatment of choroidal melanoma?
Exudative retinal detachment surrounding the tumor is only a relative contraindication to treatment depending on extension and degree of exudation, since it may resolve after photocoagulation treatment. Exudative retinal detachment may be the presenting symptom in choroidal melanoma.
What is the predominate component of retinal detachment?
Most retinal detachments in ROP have a tractional and an exudative component. By attempting to determine the predominate component, one can better select clinical therapy. We suggest that the exudative detachment is caused by leaking vessels and traction on these vessels. The tractional forces aggravate the exudative component.
What is diffuse retinal thickening (DRT edema)?
Diffuse retinal thickening: DRT edemas are characterized by a retinal swelling in the outer retina that presents a reduced reflectivity. These edemas are generally recognized by their undefined morphological shape and a “sponge-like” appearance [ 74 ].