How does DNA get repaired?
Most damage to DNA is repaired by removal of the damaged bases followed by resynthesis of the excised region. Some lesions in DNA, however, can be repaired by direct reversal of the damage, which may be a more efficient way of dealing with specific types of DNA damage that occur frequently.
What are 5 genetic diseases?
What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. Thalassemia. Cystic Fibrosis. Tay-Sachs disease. Sickle Cell Anemia. Learn More. Recommended. Sources.
What are the top 10 genetic disorders?
Genetic disordersAlbinism. Albinism is a group of genetic conditions. Angelman syndrome. A rare syndrome causing physical and intellectual disability. Ankylosing spondylitis. Apert syndrome. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Cystic fibrosis (CF) Down syndrome.