How does flow cytometry diagnose leukemia?

How does flow cytometry diagnose leukemia?

Flow cytometry can identify the type of cells in a blood or bone marrow sample, including the types of cancer cells. It detects types of cancer cells based on either the presence or the absence of certain protein markers (antigens) on a cell’s surface.

What are flow cytometry markers?

These markers are usually functional membrane proteins involved in cell communication, adhesion, or metabolism. Immunophenotyping using flow cytometry has become the method of choice in identifying and sorting cells within complex populations, for example the analysis of immune cells in a blood sample.

What are the markers for AML?

By flow cytometry, the blasts in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) show a myeloblast phenotype, with expression of blast markers (CD34, CD117) and myeloid markers such as CD13, CD33, and/or myeloperoxidase (MPO); aberrant expression of CD5, CD7, or CD56 may also be seen.

How do you perform a flow cytometry?

Flow cytometers take in a suspension of monodisperse single, unclumped cells and run them one at a time (single file) past a laser beam where each cell passes through the laser beam, scattered and fluorescent light and are then counted and sorted or further characterized.

What does Leukemia Lymphoma panel by flow mean?

Leukemia and lymphoma analysis by flow cytometry aids in identifying the tumor lineage, which in most cases is identified as T cell, B cell, or myeloid. Lineage identification can provide a confirmatory diagnosis or differential diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options.

What is flow cytometry AML?

Flow cytometry (immunophenotyping) can be used to help distinguish AML from acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and further classify the subtype of AML (see the table below). The immunophenotype correlates with prognosis in some instances.

Is flow cytometry a direct count?

Flow cytometry provides a rapid method to quantify cell characteristics. However, most flow cytometers cannot directly provide the cell concentration or absolute count of cells in a sample.

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