How is RNA copied?
It involves copying a gene’s DNA sequence to make an RNA molecule. Transcription is performed by enzymes called RNA polymerases, which link nucleotides to form an RNA strand (using a DNA strand as a template). Transcription is controlled separately for each gene in your genome.
How does RNA polymerase know where to start transcribing a gene into mRNA?
To begin transcribing a gene, RNA polymerase binds to the DNA of the gene at a region called the promoter. It contains recognition sites for RNA polymerase or its helper proteins to bind to. The DNA opens up in the promoter region so that RNA polymerase can begin transcription.
How does a deletion mutation differ from a substitution mutation?
How does a deletion mutation differ from a substitution mutation? A deletion mutation occurs when a base is lost from a codon. A substitution mutation occurs when a single base is replaced by a different base. This doesn’t shift the “reading frame” Deletion is worst than substitution.
What causes deletion mutation?
A deletion mutation occurs when a wrinkle forms on the DNA template strand and subsequently causes a nucleotide to be omitted from the replicated strand (Figure 3). Figure 3: In a deletion mutation, a wrinkle forms on the DNA template strand, which causes a nucleotide to be omitted from the replicated strand.
What are the effects of substitution mutation?
A substitution is a mutation that exchanges one base for another (i.e., a change in a single “chemical letter” such as switching an A to a G). Such a substitution could: change a codon to one that encodes a different amino acid and cause a small change in the protein produced.
What are 3 things that a substitution mutation can cause?
Three Things That A Substitution Mutation Can CauseChange in the coding of amino acids codon to a particular stop codon resulting in an incomplete protein, which is usually non-functional.Can cause Silent mutations where a codon change can encode the same amino acid resulting in no changes in the protein synthesized.
What happens during deletion mutation?
A deletion mutation occurs when part of a DNA molecule is not copied during DNA replication. This uncopied part can be as small as a single nucleotide or as much as an entire chromosome. The loss of this DNA during replication can lead to a genetic disease. In a point mutation an error occurs in a single nucleotide.