What are the processes of translation?
Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.
What is the first step of protein synthesis?
What is the correct order for protein synthesis?
Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.
Why is the first step of protein synthesis important?
One of the major elements of your body is protein. Protein is a large molecule made from chains of amino acids and its primary function is building muscle and repairing tissue. The first step in protein synthesis is called transcription. Transcription is the process wherein DNA is used to create messenger RNA, or mRNA.
Which of these is the first step of translation elongation?
Which of the following is the first step of translation elongation? emRNA attaches to the small ribosomal subunit. A charged tRNA binds to the A site. A peptide bond is formed between the amino acids attached to the tRNAs in the P and A sites.
What triggers protein synthesis?
Protein ingestion and resistance exercise both stimulate the process of new muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption follows exercise. In healthy persons, changes in MPS are much greater in their influence over net muscle gain than changes in muscle protein breakdown (MPB).
How long does it take for protein synthesis?
You should try to target all your major muscle groups at least twice throughout your weekly workouts. While you may not see results right away, even a single strength training session can help promote muscle growth. Exercise stimulates what’s called protein synthesis in the 2 to 4 hours after you finish your workout.