What did Godden and Baddeley find in their research?
Godden and Baddeley (1975) showed that divers recalled words better when the recall condition matched the original learning environment, i.e. underwater or on land. Students were asked to recall a list of words and a patient case in the same environment or in the opposite environment as where they learned it.
What experimental method did Godden and Baddeley 1975 use?
Godden and Baddeley (1975) investigated the effect of contextual cues on recall, in a novel experiment using divers. Their aim was to see if memory for words learned and recalled in the same environment, was better than memory for words learned and recalled in different environments.
Is state-dependent memory real?
State-dependent memory or state-dependent learning is the phenomenon where people remember more information if their physical or mental state is the same at time of encoding and time of recall.
What did McGeoch and McDonald find in their research?
McGeoch & McDonald (1931) However, the second list they they were given contained totally different info e.g. 3 digit numbers. When asked to recall the first list (which they had previously recalled accurately) it was found that those who had learned synonyms, had the worst recall.
How are memories retrieved describe how context dependent and state dependent memories are retrieved?
memories are retrieved in three ways, recognition, recall, and relearning. context-dependent memories are when memories are retrieved when the situation that was encoded is recreated. state-dependent memories are retrieved when the mood was originally was encoded in is recreated.
Which conditions did Baddeley and Godden find to be most successful in making accurate recall?
Information is said to be better recalled when the learning environment resembles the later retrieval environment. Godden and Baddeley (1975) showed that divers recalled words better when the recall condition matched the original learning environment, i.e. underwater or on land.
Why does forgetting occur?
Trace decay theory states that forgetting occurs as a result of the automatic decay or fading of the memory trace. Trace decay theory focuses on time and the limited duration of short term memory. The longer the time, the more the memory trace decays and as a consequence more information is forgotten.
What is Godden and Baddeley’s experiment?
Godden and Baddeley (1975) Psychology. Godden and Baddeley (1975) Godden and Baddeley under took a field experiment in which they investigated if being in the same environment when learning/remembering something affects their recall in appose to being in a different environment from where the words are learnt.
What is the IV and DV in the Godden and Baddeley study?
The IV is whether the two contexts (environments) were the same or different. The DV is how many words were correctly recalled from the list of 36. The same divers did all four conditions, so this was a repeated measures design. Godden and Baddeley wanted to study the effect of the environment on recall and the effect of retrieval cues.
What was the Baddeley’s procedure in 1975?
Baddeley et al, 1975’s procedure was slightly different to the procedure we carried out. The reading speed of the participants was measured. The words were taken from one of two sets: a set of one syllable words (eg harm,wit,sum) or a set of polysyllabic words (eg opportunity, university, aluminum)