What is DDT pesticide?

What is DDT pesticide?

DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) was developed as the first of the modern synthetic insecticides in the 1940s. It was initially used with great effect to combat malaria, typhus, and the other insect-borne human diseases among both military and civilian populations.

Who manufactured DDT?

DDT had been researched and manufactured in St. Louis by the Michigan Chemical Corporation, later purchased by Velsicol Chemical Corporation, and had become an important part of the local economy.

Is DDT actually harmful?

Human health effects from DDT at low environmental doses are unknown. Following exposure to high doses, human symptoms can include vomiting, tremors or shakiness, and seizures. Laboratory animal studies showed effects on the liver and reproduction. DDT is considered a possible human carcinogen.

Is the pesticide DDT banned?

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an insecticide used in agriculture. The United States banned the use of DDT in 1972. Some countries outside the United States still use DDT to control of mosquitoes that spread malaria.

Why is DDT so hazardous?

DDT is very insoluble in water and very persistent in the environment, making it a highly polluting hazard. Due to it’s low solubility, it has a greater rate of bioaccumulation in water, and thus poses a great long-term threat to aquatic wildlife.

What is Palos Verdes Shelf?

The Palos Verdes Shelf Superfund site is an area of con taminated sediment off the Palos Verdes Peninsula. The contaminated sediment lies in the Pacific Ocean at depths of 150 ft. and more, too deep for human contact. However, the fish found in the Palos Verdes Shelf area contain high con centrations of DDT and PCBs.

Is DDT pesticides still used?

DDT is still used today in South America, Africa, and Asia for this purpose. Farmers used DDT on a variety of food crops in the United States and worldwide. DDT was also used in buildings for pest control.

How much DDT is toxic?

How toxic is DDT? DDT is slightly to moderately acutely toxic to mammals, including humans, when ingested. See box on Laboratory Testing. The acute oral LD50 (rat) is 113 to 800 milligrams per kilogram of body weight or mg/kg (6).

Did FDA approve DDT?

DDT was synthesized by Austrian chemist Othmar Zeidler in 1874; its insecticidal effects were discovered in 1939 by Swiss chemist Paul Hermann Müller. During World War II it was used to fight typhus and malaria, and in 1945 the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved it for public insecticide use.

Why was DDT banned as a pesticide?

The Environmental Protection Agency today banned the sale and distribution of a pesticide that has been found to contain DDT, the powerful insecticide that was banned in 1972. The agency has ruled that dicofol, the active ingredient in many pesticides that are used on cotton and citrus crops, contains harmful levels of DDT.

What is DDT that is used in pesticide?

DDT – A Brief History and Status Development of DDT. DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) was developed as the first of the modern synthetic insecticides in the 1940s. Regulation Due to Health and Environmental Effects. The U.S. Current Status. Additional information on DDT:

What does DDT stand for in the pesticide term?

DDT stands for – Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane or Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane. DDT, is a synthetic pesticide which was widely used to combat insects. But now DDT was banned in several states including US, but some countries still use this chemical.

Is DDT really ‘dangerous’?

Many of Carson’s claims were overblown. While DDT is highly toxic to insects and fish and can poison other animals in large enough doses, in moderate amounts it’s not especially harmful to birds and mammals, including humans.

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