What is included in medical surveillance?

What is included in medical surveillance?

ELEMENTS OF A MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM An initial medical examination and collection of medical and occupational histories. Periodic medical examinations at regularly scheduled intervals, including specific medical screening tests when warranted.

What is OSHA medical surveillance?

Medical surveillance, as required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), is a program of medical examinations and tests designed to detect and monitor potential health effects from hazardous chemical or physical exposures in the workplace to enable early treatment or other steps to protect …

Under which conditions does OSHA require a workplace medical surveillance program?

Under the occupational health standard for inorganic lead, a program of biological monitoring and medical surveillance is to be made available to all employees exposed to lead above the action level of 30 ug/m(3) TWA for more than 30 days each year.

What administrative control is used for handling hazardous drugs?

This paper describes several administrative controls for the safe handling of hazardous drugs (HDs): HD identification, HD risk assessments, HD Officer (HDO), HD safety and health plan (HDSHP), worker education and training, warning signs, and medical surveillance.

What are the four components of a medical surveillance program?

Medical surveillance shall consist of pre-employment screening as well as occupational and medical history (prior exposure to chemical and physical hazards). Physical examinations, physicians written opinion, periodic medical examinations, and termination exams should also be included.

What is difference between screening and surveillance?

Screening is the active search or process of detection for disease or disorders among apparently healthy people. Surveillance is the systematic, ongoing and analytic process of monitoring to scrutinize disease condition. The ongoing follow up of patients at increased risk of disease.

What is hazardous drug surveillance?

NIOSH recom mends that employers establish a medical surveillance program to protect workers who handle hazardous drugs in the work place. Workers exposed to hazardous drugs have developed skin rashes, adverse re productive effects, and possibly leukemia and other cancers.

What is the minimum PPE required when compounding hazardous drugs?

Gowns, head, hair, shoe covers, and two pairs of chemotherapy gloves are required for compounding sterile and nonsterile HDs. Two pairs of chemotherapy gloves are required for administering antineoplastic HDs.

What’s the difference between screening and surveillance?

The fundamental purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment of the individual and thus has a clinical focus. The fundamental purpose of surveillance is to detect and eliminate the underlying causes such as hazards or exposures of any discovered trends and thus has a prevention focus.

What are the three risk groups for hazardous drugs?

DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. The format for the 2014 list was revised to include three groups of hazardous drugs: (1) Antineoplastic drugs; (2) Non-antineoplastic hazardous drugs; and (3) Drugs with reproductive effects.

What are considered hazardous drugs?

Hazardous drugs include those used for can- cer chemotherapy, antiviral drugs, hormones, some bioengineered drugs, and other miscella- neous drugs.

How do I design a medical surveillance program for hazardous drugs?

Several important issues should be considered in designing a medical surveillance program for workers responsible for handling hazardous drugs. The first is to develop an organized approach to identifying workers who are potentially exposed to hazardous drugs on the basis of their job duties.

What does NIOSH recommend for medical surveillance?

Medical Surveillance. NIOSH recommends medical surveillance of workers who handle hazardous materials and are therefore at risk of adverse health effects from exposure. The goal of med- ical surveillance is to minimize adverse health effects in workers exposed to hazardous substances.

What is the purpose of medical surveillance program?

a medical surveillance program are used to establish an initial baseline of workers’ health and then moni-tor their future health as it relates to their potential exposure to hazard-ous agents. This information can be used to identify and correct preven – tion failures leading to disease. Ear – ly identification of health problems

What makes a drug hazardous to a healthcare worker?

Medical Surveillance for Healthcare Workers Exposed to Hazardous Drugs. Description of Exposure. Drugs are considered hazardous if stud- ies in animals or humans show that they have the potential to cause cancer, repro – ductive toxicity, birth defects, or damage to organs at low doses [NIOSH 2004].

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top