What is Kondo in Japanese architecture?
The term kondō (金堂, lit. ‘golden hall’) started to be used during the Asuka and Nara periods. A kondō is the centerpiece of an ancient Buddhist temple’s garan in Japan. Some temples, for example Asuka-dera or Hōryū-ji, have more than one kondō, but normally only one exists and is the first building to be built.
What is the most famous architecture in Japan?
Famous Japanese Architects
- Tower of the Sun by Okamoto Taro, one of the remaining structures from the Expo 70.
- Yoyogi Gymnasium in Tokyo.
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building.
- Fuji Television Building in Odaiba, Tokyo.
- Makuhari Messe.
- Museum of Modern Art Kyoto.
- Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo.
- Benesse House in Naoshima.
What is the Golden Hall Japan?
The Golden Hall (Kondo) of Chusonji Temple, a National Treasure, was built in 1124. The building is now sheltered by a protective concrete building, which was built in the 20th century, because the interior and exterior of the Hall is plated with glittering gold.
What is found inside of the Horyuji Kondo?
Inside of the shrine is a small statue of Kannon, a buddhist Bodhisattva. The interior walls have also been lined with many small Buddha figures. On the front of the rectangular base are images of the four guardian kings and on the side panels are images of bodhisattvas standing on lotus flowers.
What was enshrined at Horyuji Kondo?
This first temple is believed to have been completed by 607. Hōryū-ji was dedicated to Yakushi Nyorai, the Buddha of healing and in honor of the prince’s father.
What makes Japanese architecture unique?
But what is it that makes Japanese architecture—and the homes in particular—so unique? From sleek, minimalist design to blocky constructions comprised of odd, geometric shapes, Japanese architecture is varied, but has strong aesthetic unity and ingenious functionality as a common theme.
What Shinto means?
Shintō The word Shintō, which literally means “the way of kami” (generally sacred or divine power, specifically the various gods or deities), came into use in order to distinguish indigenous Japanese beliefs from Buddhism, which had been introduced into Japan in the 6th century ce.
What is the main central hall of a temple called?
Mandapa (also spelled mantapa or mandapam) in Indian architecture, especially Hindu temple architecture, is a pillared hall or pavilion for public rituals.
Why are Japanese roofs like that?
The curvy, elongated roofs of Japanese traditional architecture are a focal point in most buildings. The eaves of roofs are designed so widely in order to protect windows from rain, as summers in Japan bring much of it.
Which structural and aesthetic features best characterizes traditional Japanese architecture?
By far the most prominent feature of traditional Japanese buildings is the dominance of wood. In some buildings, nails have not even been used — Japanese craftsmen developed alternative ways of connecting parts of the house.