What is thin wall theory?
185. 7.3 The Thin-walled Pressure Vessel Theory. An important practical problem is that of a cylindrical or spherical object which is subjected to an internal pressure p. Such a component is called a pressure vessel, Fig.
Which theory causes a thin cylinder fails due to internal fluid pressure?
Thin cylinder failure due to internal fluid pressure by the formation of circumferential stress and longitudinal stress. The internal pressure which is acting radially inside the thin cylinder is known as radial pressure in thin cylinder.
What makes a cylinder thin walled?
Hoop and longitudinal stress thin-walled tubes or cylinders. When a thin-walled tube or cylinder is subjected to internal pressure a hoop and longitudinal stress are produced in the wall. For the thin walled equations below the wall thickness is less than 1/20 of tube or cylinder diameter.
What is thin walled tube?
Thin-walled tubes are steel and stainless steel pipes primarily from a diameter of 42 mm onwards, and a wall thickness of up to 2 mm, as well as all aluminium pipes. They are mainly used in the drive technology sector for charge air, coolant and exhaust gas piping or their systems.
What is hoop stress in pipe?
“Hoop stress is the stress in a pipe wall, acting circumferentially in a plan perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the pipe and produced by the pressure of the fluid in the pipe.”
What is hoop and circumferential stress?
circumferential stress, or hoop stress, a normal stress in the tangential (azimuth) direction. axial stress, a normal stress parallel to the axis of cylindrical symmetry. radial stress, a normal stress in directions coplanar with but perpendicular to the symmetry axis.
What is difference between thin and thick cylinder?
The cylinder which has a thickness is less than 1/10 to 1/20 of its Diameter, that cylinder is called a thin cylinder. The cylinder which has Thickness is more than 1/20 of its diameter, that Cylinder is called a thick Cylinder.
What are the different types of stresses developed in thin cylinders?
Thin walled cylinders are used as boiler shells, pressure tanks, pipes and in other low pressure processing equipments. In general three types of stresses are developed in pressure cylinders viz. circumferential or hoop stress, longitudinal stress in closed end cylinders and radial stresses.
What causes hoop stress?
The hoop stress generated when a cylinder is under internal pressure is twice that of the longitudinal stress. As pressure is uniformly applied in a piping system, the hoop stress is uniform in any given length of pipe. Hoop stress is also referred to as tangential stress or circumferential stress.
What is the governing ratio for thin walled cylinders?
A cylinder is considered to be thin-walled when the ratio of wall thickness to inside diameter is 0.1 or less and thick-walled when this ratio is greater than 0.1.