What tendons run behind the medial malleolus?
Structures that pass behind medial malleolus deep to the flexor retinaculum:
- Tibialis posterior tendon.
- Flexor digitorum longus.
- Posterior tibial artery.
- Posterior tibial vein.
- Tibial nerve.
- Flexor hallucis longus.
What ligament attaches to medial malleolus?
The deltoid ligament attaches the medial malleolus to multiple tarsal bones. Unlike the superficial layer of this ligament, the deep layer is intraarticular and is covered by synovium.
What is the tendon on the inside of your ankle?
Also known as the tibialis posterior tendon, it attaches the calf muscle to the bones of the inside of the foot. The tendon is located at the back of the leg and passes underneath the inside knob of the ankle bone (medial malleolus) and then inserts onto a small bone in the arch of the foot called the navicular.
What tendon is at the medial ankle?
Posterior tibial tendon problems usually occur just underneath the inner side of the ankle, called the medial malleolus . The medial malleolus is the end of the shin bone (the tibia). It’s the big bump you feel on the inside of your ankle. The posterior tibial tendon wraps just underneath the medial malleolus.
Why is my medial malleolus swollen?
Medial malleolar bursitis is caused by the inflammation or swelling of the bursa of the medial malleolus in the ankle. This bursa is located between the skin and the medial malleolus (the flattened end of the tibia that forms the prominence of the ankle, sometimes referred to as the ankle bone).
Can you walk on a torn deltoid ligament?
The predominant symptom of a deltoid ligament injury is swelling and pain around the whole ankle, especially the inner part. Bruising may also present itself, and it is common for individuals to have problems putting weight on the affected ankle following the injury. This can lead to difficulty walking, and a limp.
How do you treat a medial ankle sprain?
Treatment of medial ankle sprains
- Rest. Rest is important both immediately after injury as well as whilst the injury is healing.
- Cold therapy. Apply ice or cold therapy immediately after the injury.
- Compression & elevation.
What does a torn tendon feel like in the ankle?
If you have torn your ankle ligament, symptoms include: Swelling around your ankle joint. A feeling of instability. Bruising – sometimes up your lower leg and into your foot.
How do you treat medial malleolus pain?
Avoiding the activities that produce the pain or stress the bursa of the medial malleolus is the first line of treatment. Avoiding activities that produce pain or stress of the bursa of the medial malleolus and associated tendons (jumping, running, etc.) The use of ice to reduce inflammation and pain.
How do I strengthen my medial ankle ligaments?
Try the following simple range-of-motion exercises:
- Trace the alphabet with your toe, which encourages ankle movement in all directions. Trace the alphabet 1 to 3 times.
- Sit in a chair with your foot flat on the floor. Slowly move your knee side to side while keeping your foot pressed flat. Continue for 2 to 3 minutes.