Where are bronchogenic cysts located?
Bronchogenic cysts are abnormal growths of tissue that are congenital (present from birth). They typically have thin walls and are filled with fluid or mucous. Most bronchogenic cysts are found in the mediastinum, the part of the chest cavity that separates the lungs.
Is bronchogenic cyst rare?
Bronchogenic cysts are rare cystic lesions, with prevalences of 1 per 42,000 and 1 per 68,000 admissions in two hospital series.
What causes bronchogenic cyst?
Bronchogenic cysts arise from errors in embryonic budding of the tracheobronchial tree (Fig. 54.4); they are the most common mediastinal cysts and are frequently found behind the carina. The majority of bronchogenic cysts are discovered before the onset of symptoms, but most do eventually cause symptoms.
How do you get rid of a bronchogenic cyst?
Intramural esophageal bronchogenic cyst is very rare. Surgical removal of the cysts is advised even the patients are asymptomatic, since the cyst can lead to complications, and there is a risk of malignant transformation. Thoracotomy or thoracoscopy is the most commonly used approach for complete excision of the cysts.
Should bronchogenic cysts be removed?
Bronchogenic cysts should be excised before they become symptomatic or infected, which leads to more difficult surgery and complications. The small risk of developing malignancy within a bronchogenic cyst also justifies early intervention.
What are symptoms of bronchogenic cyst?
The most frequent symptoms are cough, fever, pain, and dyspnea. Tracheobronchial compression and pulmonary infections can occur in children because of the relatively soft tracheobronchial tree. In our series, 81% of patients were symptomatic. Complications of bronchogenic cyst are frequent (45% in our series).
Can a bronchogenic cyst be cancerous?
Although extremely rare, malignant transformation of a bronchogenic cyst is well known and has been reported in several cases.
Are bronchogenic cysts cancerous?
These cysts are usually fluid or mucus-filled, and typically form in the middle of the airway tree. They are typically central in location, small in size and benign (non-cancerous). Bronchogenic cysts are made from tissue of the developing upper gastrointestinal and respiratory tract.
Can bronchogenic cyst be misdiagnosed?
Laboratory studies are rarely necessary in the workup of cutaneous bronchogenic cysts as the diagnosis relies on histology. Given its scarcity, it is often misdiagnosed clinically, and a definitive diagnosis requires histopathologic confirmation.