Which enzyme is found in DNA repair during DNA transcription?

Which enzyme is found in DNA repair during DNA transcription?

DNA ligase

What are the 4 main enzymes involved in DNA replication?

Enzymes involved in DNA replication are:Helicase (unwinds the DNA double helix)Gyrase (relieves the buildup of torque during unwinding)Primase (lays down RNA primers)DNA polymerase III (main DNA synthesis enzyme)DNA polymerase I (replaces RNA primers with DNA)Ligase (fills in the gaps)

What is the enzyme that unzips the DNA?


What is unzipping DNA called?

The first step in DNA replication is to ‘unzip’ the double helix structure of the DNA? molecule. This is carried out by an enzyme? called helicase which breaks the hydrogen bonds? holding the complementary? bases? of DNA together (A with T, C with G).

What are the two DNA components?

DNA has three types of chemical component: phosphate, a sugar called deoxyribose, and four nitrogenous bases—adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. Two of the bases, adenine and guanine, have a double-ring structure characteristic of a type of chemical called a purine.

What are the six components of DNA?

DNA is made up of six smaller molecules — a five carbon sugar called deoxyribose, a phosphate molecule and four different nitrogenous bases (adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine).

What is the shape of DNA called?

double helix

How does DNA get its shape?

One of four different nucleotide bases, which are ring-shaped molecules containing nitrogen, hangs off each sugar group. Two strands of DNA come together to form a twisted, ladder-like structure. Hydrogen bonds between the bases of each strand create the double-stranded structure.

What is the DNA ladder called?

The shape of DNA is a double helix, which is like a twisted ladder. The sides of the ladder are made of alternating sugar and phosphate molecules. The sugar is deoxyribose.

Why DNA is called an acid?

More specifically, this acidity comes from the phosphate groups used in forming DNA and RNA molecules. These phosphate groups are quite similar to phosphoric acid. That easily-lost proton is what causes nucleic acids to be so acidic.

Is DNA acidic or basic?

He said that DNA has both acidic and basic parts but we call DNA deoxyribonucleic acid because the basic parts of DNA are inside the DNA molecule but the acidic parts are out side the body/molecule of DNA that’s why the properties of acidic parts dominate over basic parts so DNA is called deoxyribonucleic acid.

What are the 2 main types of nucleic acids?

The two main types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the genetic material found in all living organisms, ranging from single-celled bacteria to multicellular mammals. It is found in the nucleus of eukaryotes and in the chloroplasts and mitochondria.

Which acid is present in DNA?

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

Is RNA acidic or basic?

The two main types of nucleic acids are DNA and RNA. Both DNA and RNA are made from nucleotides, each containing a five-carbon sugar backbone, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base.

What is the pH of DNA?

5 to 9

What DNA contains?


What are the 4 main differences between DNA and RNA?

DNA is a long polymer with deoxyriboses and phosphate backbone. Having four different nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. RNA is a polymer with a ribose and phosphate backbone. Four different nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, and uracil.

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